Rheinhessen’s long winemaking history and large size are the building blocks of its reputation in the world of wine – and there are pros and cons associated with both. Rheinhessen’s most famous wine, Liebfraumilch

Rheinhessen’s climate is relatively mild. The region receives about 20 inches of rain per year, and temperatures are moderate. The growing season is fairly long, at least for Germany

Soils vary widely in Rheinhessen; you can find everything from clay to slate to loess. Some soils here are extremely fertile – not necessarily a good thing if you’re in the wine business. Because of this variety of components and conditions, the best winemakers have spent a great deal of time studying their particular soils in an effort to capitalize on strengths and work around weaknesses.

Müller-Thurgau (16 percent), riesling (13 percent) and silvaner (nine percent). Of the 32 percent of vineyards planted in red wine grapes, dornfelder takes the lead at 13 percent, followed by portugieser at seven percent